The ‘Cone of Experience’ was developed by _____.

A. Edgar Dale
B. Jeanne Clum
C. Ponting Barry
D. Jereme Krasner


Correct Answer: A. Edgar Dale

Detail About MCQs

Edgar Dale, an American educator, developed the “Cone of Experience” as a visual metaphor to illustrate various forms of learning experiences and their degree of abstraction. The cone represents a continuum of learning activities, ranging from direct experiences at the base to more abstract and symbolic experiences at the top.

Here is a brief overview of the levels in the Cone of Experience, from concrete to abstract:

Direct Experiences: Real-life, firsthand experiences, such as field trips and hands-on activities.

Contrived Experiences: Simulations and role-playing activities that mimic real-world situations.

Dramatized Experiences: The use of drama and theatrical presentations to convey information.

Demonstrations: Showing how something is done through visual or audio-visual means.

Field Trips: Visits to actual locations related to the subject matter.

Exhibits: Viewing displays, models, or exhibits to learn about a topic.

Movies, Radio, and Television: Using audio-visual media for learning.

Verbal Symbols: Oral or written language to convey information.

Printed Symbols: Reading books, articles, or written materials.

Visual Symbols: Charts, graphs, and visual aids to represent information.

Abstract Discussions: Engaging in abstract discussions and lectures.

It’s important to note that the Cone of Experience is a conceptual model rather than a strict hierarchy, and the effectiveness of different learning experiences can vary based on individual preferences and the context of the learning environment.

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