A. Darwin and Lawmarck
B. Hugo de Vires
Correct Answer: B. Hugo de Vires
Detail about MCQs
Hugo de Vries, a Dutch botanist, was one of the early pioneers in the field of genetics. He proposed the theory of mutations, known as the mutation theory, in the late 19th century. De Vries suggested that new species could arise through sudden heritable changes, which he called “mutations,” rather than through gradual processes of natural selection proposed by Charles Darwin. De Vries’ work contributed significantly to our understanding of genetic variation and the mechanisms of evolution.