Correct Answer: C. Forests
Detail about MCQs
The Chipko movement, which originated in India in the 1970s, was primarily started to conserve forests. The movement was characterized by people, mainly women, hugging trees to prevent them from being cut down by loggers and to protest against deforestation. The word “Chipko” itself means “to hug” or “to cling to” in Hindi. The movement aimed to raise awareness about the importance of forests for ecological balance, soil conservation, and the sustenance of local communities dependent on forest resources for their livelihoods. Therefore, the Chipko movement was initiated to conserve forests and promote sustainable forest management practices.