D. Critically endangered population
Correct Answer: C. Endemism
Detail about MCQs
Hotspots refer to specific geographic areas that are characterized by exceptionally high levels of species richness and endemism. These regions typically contain a large number of species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. The concept of hotspots was popularized by Norman Myers in the 1980s and has since been widely used in conservation biology to prioritize areas for biodiversity conservation efforts.