Correct Answer: C. 1946
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Syria is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Ancient Syria was a region referred to often in the Bible. In 637 A.D., Muslim armies defeated the Byzantine Empire and took control of Syria. Damascus eventually became the capital of the Islamic world but was replaced by Baghdad in Iraq around 750 A.D. For the next several centuries, the region became unstable and was ruled by various groups. In 1516, the Ottoman Empire conquered Syria and remained in power until 1918. British and Arab troops captured Damascus and Aleppo in 1918, and the French took control of modern-day Syria and Lebanon in 1920. Syria officially became an independent country in 1946.